My Komanetsky family are from the former Russian village Surowica and surrounding villages in Galicia -- formerly in Austria-Hungary, now in the southwest corner of Poland near Sanok. The name also appears A 28 year old single female, destination Ludlow Mass. A 16 about year old, single male, Nationality Polish, from Swiebodzin, Galicia. Father Franciszek Kacowka living in Swiebodzin, Galicia. Destination to aunt Julia Burgiel? I am told that my family heritage came from Spain? Province of Galicia Spain they moved to Cuba many years ago.
My great grand-father was Juan Felipe Alzugaray Betanco He implemented novel agricultural technologies and Seek info on origin, meaning of surname and its distribution in region near Lvov, Galicia , Western Ukraine.
So what do all these names mean?
In Moldova, surname Snegur may be a variation of Snihur. Re: Ilkiw: Katherine, Marya Maria? He move to Canada in Looking for these people from the Roblin area. Originally from Galicia , Western Ukraine. Thank you.
- Galician Translation Services by NAATI-accredited Translators;
- Footprints of Middle Ages Kingdoms Are Still Visible in the Contemporary Surname Structure of Spain.
- She has 3 last names? Really?;
Her god parents were listed as Staphani Kolody and Annae Oxibko? It lists her parents What information do you have? Thanks, Mike. This area was then called Eastern Galicia and is now part of Ukraine. Coalminer origionally from Galicia ,Aus-Hun.
So what do all these names mean?
Name of wife, wives? Lived in NYC Please contact me. Danzig, too. The th was first formed in , and was recruited in Danzig. My grandparent's family centered nigh to Przemysl. Anna and Oleska arrived in the U. Anna is my grandmother and her history is well documented but I am looking for her sister Oleska's history. The software is available upon request to rf. Each surname has a peculiar frequency distribution in space. Any new subset of a surname database, once analyzed, leads to a distance matrix that is each time different, the differences being determined by the random presence or absence of given surnames.
Instead of computing a single distance matrix on the whole dataset, we preferred to resample original data to obtain subsets and, from them, different pairwise distance matrices. Then, from each matrix, we computed a separate Neighbor Joining NJ tree [ 28 ]. From the trees, we computed a consensus tree where each node is scored to reflect the number of times it appears in the NJ dendrograms Fig 3. This procedure is called bootstrap and consists in resampling, with replacement, the original dataset.
The Meaning of Some Common Sephardic Last Names
The essence of the bootstrap is to give different weights to the surnames in each resampled dataset. The consensus tree Fig 3 shows how stable, through the resampled datasets, the classification is. In our case the scores, reported for each node, can vary from 1 to The major clusters discussed in the text see labels are geographically displayed in Fig 7A. A simplified linguistic tree, fully reported in Fig 4 , is plot on the right. All branches having a bootstrap score lower than 50 have been collapsed. A basilect is a variety of language, often a dialect.
The atlas has not been fully published and five volumes are still missing. It is interesting to explain why.
History of Spain - Wikipedia
Three teams of fieldworkers covered the Iberian Peninsula, i. The Basque varieties have not been recorded and the islands have not been fully sampled this is why we analyzed only the surnames of continental Spain. The notebooks were returned to Spain in , and remaining surveys were completed between and Shortly thereafter, the publishing work was suspended, and the ALPI notebooks were left almost forgotten in different places private homes, different kinds of archives until they were found and photocopied between and by David Heap University of Western Ontario, Canada in an epic enterprise.
The remaining five volumes will hopefully be published one day, that is when all the notebooks will have been transcribed and the data cleaned. At the moment original records are available as high-resolution image files. A dialectometric analysis of the first volume started in in the laboratory of Hans Goebl University of Salzburg, Austria.
Dialectometry is the subfield of dialectology aimed at mathematically measuring the differences between dialect variants.
Original data have been analyzed by Goebl to identify phonetic, morphologic, syntactical and lexical features. Each feature has been processed separately in working maps corresponding to sampling points. The RIW measures the similarity between two basilectal varieties as the percentage of items on which the two varieties agree. This is an accepted method to measure differences between dialects and close languages.
A description of the computational work is reported in [ 19 ]. To compare the linguistic similarity of Spain to its surname diversity, we have selected a subset of 44 sample points out of the ones listed in the ALPI [ 18 ]. We discarded data about Portugal. To make our choice, as many provinces are partly bilingual, we kept the variant spoken in the capital city of each province.
This criterion has no special reason besides its simplicity. The selection of different sampling points might have changed our results, nevertheless a few alternative trials have shown that the main structure of linguistic diversity remains stable.
History of Spain
We consider that the selection made, though arbitrary, is sufficient for a study addressing linguistic and surname variation at a provincial level. We stress that the selection of variants recorded in capital cities does not change a clustering that would have remained the same if other variants had been selected aside.
As we wanted to analyze linguistic diversity in terms of distance matrices, we applied the transformation:. As with surnames, tiny differences in the selection of the features that are aggregated in a linguistic database can lead to unstable results different distance matrices, different clustering. As we had no access to the dataset of linguistic features reported in [ 19 ], we could not use the bootstrap, this is why we tested the robustness of linguistic classifications with noisy clustering [ 21 ].
Bootstrap and noisy clustering give comparable results once that the level of noise, arbitrary, is set to correct values [ 21 ]. As with bootstrap, we computed trees and, finally, a consensus tree Fig 4. To the consensus tree reported in Fig 4 , we have added the Basque provinces excluded in the ALPI, according to the position they would certainly have had after a computational analysis. This artifice is fully justified because the Basque is one of the most divergent languages of all Europe and certainly the most divergent of the whole Iberian Peninsula, meaning that any computational method would classify the Basques as an outgroup.
Major clusters see labels discussed in the text are geographically displayed in Fig 7B. All branches having a score lower than 90 have been collapsed. Solid lines correspond to the result of the computational analysis, while dotted lines correspond to the position that Basque varieties absent in the ALPI would have had after a computational classification see text for details.
A simplified version of the tree is shown in Fig 3.
The working database was constituted by 33, tokens single surnames occurring 51,, times. In , foreign residents officially were Very large deviations from this reasonable pattern concern the provinces of Barcelona and Madrid, and, to a lesser extent, the province of Valencia Fig 5.
These three provinces are those hosting the three biggest agglomerations of Spain. The trend suggests that the sample-representativeness decreases when the number of municipalities in each province rises, becoming very low for the provinces of Barcelona, Madrid and Valencia. See text for details. The regression has been computed by excluding the latter provinces. If the size of a municipality leads to a bias, the number of aggregated municipalities constituting each sample per-province leads to another. In our database, the provinces consisting of a large number of municipalities are less representative of their actual population-size than those consisting in a low number of municipalities.
This is not surprising, because the mathematical definition of isonymy and related distance measures gives a low weight to infrequent surnames. While there is a systematic bias linked to the number of municipalities that compose each province, it does not seem to significantly influence our results because, after all, the classification of Valencia, Madrid and Barcelona Fig 3 makes sense both historically and geographically.
This said, the low sample size concerning Barcelona is probably related to other biases that we could not identify, and a larger sample size might have improved its clustering. Galicia also exhibits very high levels of isonymy. To be sure, there is a strong linear inverse correlation between isonymy and entropy measures mathematical definition given in the caption of Table 3 accounting for the diversity of surnames.
Please see Table 3 and Fig 7C for details and refer to isonymy values reported in [ 12 ]. Regions are listed in alphabetical order. In C we have plotted isonymy values see Table 3 according to a 8-class interval; the latter class solid black represents an interval that is not continuous with the preceding one.
Note that a same label in one map may not correspond to the same provinces in the other, see dendrograms for details. We will come back on this aspect in the discussion section. In A is reported the political geography of the second half of the 12nd century, B corresponds to CE. The timeframe matches to the origin of Spanish surnames. This process is known as the reconquest Reconquista. Please note that the reigns of Leon and Castilla, independent in A , later merged B.
The reign of Navarra remained unchanged. About the similarities of the trees, Albacete, Cuenca and Murcia are always clustered together.
We remind that La Mancha is a geographical and historical region that currently does not have any administrative status it falls in the macroregion called Castilla-La Mancha. When we have referred to La Mancha we meant only its eastern part, that is Cuenca and Albacete.
Related birth records galicia espana german franco
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved